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Understanding Pre-eclampsia: Symptoms, Causes, and When to Seek Medical Help

Embarking on the incredible journey of pregnancy is a joyous experience for many, filled with numerous changes and emotions. Amidst the excitement, it's essential to be aware of potential complications that could arise. One such complication is pre-eclampsia, a significant health concern that can affect both the mother and the baby. This article delves into the intricacies of pre-eclampsia, its symptoms, underlying causes, and the vital importance of seeking medical assistance promptly.


What is Pre-eclampsia? Pre-eclampsia is a condition characterised by high blood pressure and organ damage, primarily affecting pregnant individuals. Typically emerging after the 20th week of pregnancy, and in rare cases postpartum, this condition necessitates close attention due to its potential risks for both maternal and foetal health.


Recognising the Symptoms: While some individuals may experience mild or absent symptoms, it's crucial to remain vigilant for potential indicators of pre-eclampsia:

  1. Elevated Blood Pressure: Pre-eclampsia is often associated with high blood pressure, a key marker that healthcare professionals monitor during prenatal visits.

  2. Proteinuria: The presence of excessive protein in the urine, termed proteinuria, is another significant sign that can be identified through routine urine testing.

  3. Oedema: Swelling, especially in the hands, face, and feet, may result from fluid retention linked to pre-eclampsia.

  4. Persistent Headaches: Severe and ongoing headaches, possibly accompanied by visual disturbances like blurred vision and light sensitivity, should raise concern.

  5. Abdominal Discomfort: Discomfort in the upper abdominal region, situated just below the ribcage, could point towards pre-eclampsia.

  6. Breathing Difficulties: Breathing troubles may arise if pre-eclampsia begins to impact lung function.

  7. Decreased Urine Output: A noticeable reduction in urine output might indicate compromised kidney function.

Causes of Pre-eclampsia: The precise origin of pre-eclampsia remains a subject of ongoing research, but several risk factors contribute to its development:

  1. First Pregnancy: Primigravid individuals, those experiencing their first pregnancy, face an increased risk.

  2. Age: Both very young and older pregnant individuals, under 20 and over 35 respectively, are more susceptible.

  3. Multiple Pregnancies: Carrying twins or more elevates the risk of pre-eclampsia.

  4. Previous Pre-eclampsia: A history of pre-eclampsia, whether personal or within the family, heightens the likelihood.

  5. Obesity: Being overweight before pregnancy amplifies the risk of pre-eclampsia.

  6. Chronic Hypertension: Individuals with pre-existing high blood pressure have a higher predisposition to pre-eclampsia.

Seeking Medical Assistance: Should you suspect pre-eclampsia or encounter any of the aforementioned symptoms, it's imperative to promptly consult your healthcare provider. Swift action is pivotal in ensuring the health and safety of both you and your unborn child. Medical professionals will conduct blood pressure assessments, urine tests, and other essential evaluations to determine the presence and severity of pre-eclampsia. Treatment options, contingent on the severity, range from enhanced monitoring to potential hospitalisation.


Pre-eclampsia is a noteworthy pregnancy complication necessitating vigilance. Familiarise yourself with its symptoms, risk factors, and precautionary measures to ensure a smooth and healthy pregnancy. Consistent prenatal care and open communication with your healthcare provider are indispensable elements of a successful pregnancy journey. Remember, timely medical intervention plays a pivotal role in preserving your well-being and that of your baby.

The Bub Society is a cutting-edge 3D ultrasound business in Perth, offering expectant parents an enchanting glimpse into their baby's world before birth.

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